A new meta-analysis examines 40 years’ worth of research in an attempt to find out the ideal amount of fiber that we should consume to prevent chronic disease and premature mortality.
The analysis also revealed that the amount of fiber that people should consume daily to gain these health benefits is 25–29 grams (g). By comparison, adults in the United States consume 15 g of fiber daily, on average.
Overall, the research found that people who consume the most fiber in their diet are 15–30 percent less likely to die prematurely from any cause or a cardiovascular condition, compared with those who eat the least fiber.
Consuming foods rich in fiber correlated with a 16–24 percent lower incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and colon cancer.
HIGH FIBER LEGUMES: The following are some of the best legumes for fiber:
· Navy beans
Navy beans are one of the richest sources of fiber. They are also high in protein. Add navy beans to salads, curries, or stews for an extra fiber and protein boost.
Fiber content: Navy beans contain 10.5 g per 100 g (31.3 percent of AI).
· Pinto Beans
Pinto beans are a popular U.S. staple. People can eat pinto beans whole, mashed or as refried beans. Along with their high-fiber content, pinto beans are a great source of calcium and iron.
Fiber content: Pinto beans contain 9 g of fiber per 100 g (26.8 percent of AI).
· Black beans
Black beans contain good amounts of iron and magnesium. They are also a great source of plant-based protein.
If people who follow a vegan diet combine black beans with rice, they will be getting all nine essential amino acids.
Fiber content: Black beans contain 8.7 g of fiber per 100 g (25.9 percent of AI).
· Split peas
Split peas are a great source of iron and magnesium. They go well in casseroles, curries, and dahl.
Fiber content: Split peas contain 8.3 g of fiber per 100 g (24.7 percent of AI).
There are many types of lentils, including red lentils and French lentils. They make a great addition to couscous, quinoa dishes, or dahl.
Fiber content: Lentils contain 7.9 g of fiber per 100 g (23.5 percent of AI).
· Mung beans
When dried and ground, people can use mung bean flour to make pancakes.
Fiber content: Mung beans contain 7.6 g of fiber per 100 g (22.6 percent of AI).
· Adzuki beans
Adzuki beans are used in Japanese cuisine to make red bean paste, which is a traditional sweet. People can also boil these fragrant, nutty beans and eat them plain.
Fiber content: Adzuki beans contain 7.3 g of fiber per 100 g (21.7 percent of AI).
· Lima Beans
Not only are lima beans a great source of fiber, but they are also high in plant protein.
Fiber content: Lima beans contain 7 g of fiber per 100 g (20.8 percent of AI).
Chickpeas, or garbanzo beans, are a popular source of plant-based protein and fiber. They are also full of iron, vitamin B-6, and magnesium.
Use this legume as a base for hummus and falafel.
Fiber content: Chickpeas contain 6.4 g of fiber per 100 g (19 percent of AI).
· Kidney Beans
Kidney beans are a rich source of iron. Kidney beans are a great addition to chili, casseroles, and salads.
Fiber content: Kidney beans contain 6.4 g of fiber per 100 g (19 percent of AI).
HIGH FIBER VEGETABLES
Artichokes are packed with vitamins C and K, plus calcium, and folate.
Fiber content: One medium artichoke contains 6.9 g of fiber (20.5 percent of AI).
As a staple vegetable, potatoes are a good source of B vitamins plus vitamin C and magnesium.
Fiber content: One large potato, baked in its skin, contains 6.3 g of fiber (18.8 percent of AI).
· Sweet potato
Sweet potatoes are one of the starchy vegetables. They are high in vitamin A.
Fiber content: One large sweet potato, baked in its skin, contains 5.9 g of fiber (17.6 percent of AI).
Parsnips are a good source of vitamins C and K, as well as B vitamins, calcium, and zinc.
Fiber content: One boiled parsnip contains 5.8 g of fiber (17.3 percent of AI).
· Winter squash
Winter squash vegetables are a bountiful source of vitamins A and C.
Fiber content: One cup of winter squash contains 5.7 g of fiber (17 percent of AI).
Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable that is high in vitamins C and A. Cruciferous vegetables also have lots of antioxidant polyphenols.
Fiber content: One cup of cooked broccoli florets contains 5.1 g of fiber (15.2 percent of AI).
Pumpkin is a popular vegetable and source of vitamins A and K and calcium. People use it in sweet and savory dishes.
Fiber content: A standard portion of canned pumpkin contains 3.6 g of fiber (10.7 percent of AI).