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Joint Pain

Reasons why our joints pain

Whether you overdid your workout session or just have been sitting for a long time in the same position, there are several unexplained reasons why your joints may hurt in a day. Joint pain caused by these everyday issues generally goes away on its own when you stretch yourself a little and flex your muscles.

But there are times when your joints may hurt incessantly without a cause, and pain starts getting intense. Chronic or prolonged joint pain is a symptom of some underlying health conditions that may turn more problematic in the future.

a man touching his knees
Photo by Kindel Media on Pexels.com

Apart from joint-related pain due to old age, here are some conditions that may hurt your joints.

​Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis that may lead to bone-related problems. The condition arises due to the breakdown of cartilage, which serves as a cushion between the joints. This bone-related issue is common with ageing and mostly affects the knees, hips, neck and lower back. Joint stiffness is a common characteristic of osteoarthritis. It is accompanied by other symptoms like sharp and intense aching that gets worse with movement.

​Previous injury
Having a previous injury can also increase the risk of joint problems later in life. Whether your injury is treated or untreated, in both cases you may develop bone-related issues later in life. The problem may be severe in the winter season. It happens due to the drop in barometric pressure causes the tissue and fluid around joints to expand, causing pain at the site of an old injury. If your old injury is causing a problem it is better to consult your doctor.

​Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is another joint-related issue, but it is not developed due to the wear and tear of joints like osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is rather an autoimmune disease, caused due to immune system malfunctions. The common symptoms of this condition include inflammation and stiffness in joints. One may also feel fatigued, feverish and witness unexplained weight loss when suffering from this condition. Being an autoimmune disease, Rheumatoid arthritis cannot be cured. Symptoms can only be managed with antibiotics or other prescription medicines.

​Hypothyroidism

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland present in the front of your neck. It is responsible for producing several types of hormones for the body that helps to regulate the body’s metabolic rate, muscle and digestive function, brain development and bone maintenance. Any disruption in the quantity of the hormones produced by the body can lead to varied symptoms including joints pain. An underactive or overactive thyroid gland can also make you more prone to injuries and fractures.

​Depression

Depression is a mental health condition, but the symptoms may manifest even on your physical health. Unexpected aches and pain in the joints that you may experience when suffering from chronic depression could be just a sign of the mental condition. Getting treatment for depression, be it medication or counseling can help to get ease the problem of joint pain. Other signs of depression may include a change in appetite, sleep disturbances, difficulty concentrating, and feelings of hopelessness.

Joint pain in children

Common cause

  • Trauma – 30%
  • Overuse – 28%
  • Structural -18%
  • Growing pains – 8%

Growing pains are a common cause of leg pain in children. These pains are muscle aches that can occur in the thighs, behind the knees, or the calves. Other possible causes of leg pain that may be more serious can include juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), lupus, Lyme disease, and leukemia. Arthralgia is extremely common in childhood. 5-30% of children have chronic pain complaints and it is more common in girls. It may may last years.

Solution for Growing pains in kids

  • A warm bath. Bathing in warm water, especially before bedtime, can help reduce aches and pains and promote sleep.
  • Massaging. Gently massaging or rubbing the affected area can make the child feel better. Merely holding or cuddling the child may also help.
  • Stretching. Gently stretching the calves and thighs during the day may ease or prevent symptoms. However, stretching exercises may be challenging for younger children. Ask a doctor what types of exercises are best.
  • Warmth. Try applying a heating pad or hot water bottle to the affected area. Make sure these are not too hot and take care to protect the child’s skin from burning. Do not use these items during sleep.
  • Painkillers. Over-the-counter (OTC) medication, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help relieve aches and pains on an occasional basis.

People should not give aspirin to children. Doctors do not recommend aspirin for children, as they have linked it with a rare but serious condition called Reye’s syndrome.

Source: Internet, CDC, Medical News & Others

The views expressed in this article should not be considered as a substitute for a physician’s advice. Always make sure to seek a doctor or a professional’s advice before proceeding with the home treatment plan.