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Is it Flu or Cold or Covid?

Flu season is in beginning, and preparation is your key to staying healthy. Unfortunately, despite your best efforts, the flu can still strike. If it does, early detection and appropriate responses are essential to treating this draining bug. There’s just one problem: How do you know if you actually have the flu?

The only way to know for certain if your sickness is indeed the flu is with a flu test. But then there are also some identifiable signs that could mean you need to see a doctor, and other signs that you likely don’t have the flu.

Influenza (flu) and the common cold are both contagious respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different viruses. Flu is caused by influenza viruses only, whereas the common cold can be caused by a number of different viruses, including rhinoviruses, parainfluenza, and seasonal coronaviruses.

Why should we take this seriously?

Source: FREOPP

Flu or Cold?

Cold or Flu?
Source: CDC
The Coronavirus conundrum: flu, common cold, seasonal ...
Comparing Flu, cold, allergy and covid

Similarities between Flu and Covid:

Both COVID-19 and flu can have varying degrees of signs and symptoms, ranging from no symptoms (asymptomatic) to severe symptoms. Common symptoms that COVID-19 and flu share include:

  • Fever or feeling feverish/having chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle pain or body aches
  • Headache
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Change in or loss of taste or smell, although this is more frequent with COVID-19.

Differences of Covid:

  • If a person has COVID-19, it could take them longer to experience symptoms than if they had flu.
  • Typically, a person experiences symptoms about 5 days after being infected, but symptoms can appear 2 to 14 days after infection.
  • It’s possible for people to spread the virus for about 2 days before experiencing signs or symptoms (or possibly earlier) and remain contagious for at least 10 days after signs or symptoms first appeared. If someone is asymptomatic or their symptoms go away, it’s possible to remain contagious for at least 10 days after testing positive for COVID-19. People who are hospitalized with severe disease and people with weakened immune systems can be contagious for 20 days or longer.
  • While the virus that causes COVID-19 and flu viruses are thought to spread in similar ways, the virus that causes COVID-19 is generally more contagious than flu viruses. Also, COVID-19 has been observed to have more superspreading events than flu. This means the virus that causes COVID-19 can quickly and easily spread to a lot of people and result in continual spreading among people as time progresses.
  • Overall, COVID-19 seems to cause more serious illnesses in some people. Serious COVID-19 illness resulting in hospitalization and death can occur even in healthy people. Some people that had COVID-19 can go on to develop post-COVD conditions or multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS)

Source: Internet & Others

The views expressed in this article should not be considered as a substitute for a physician’s advice. Always make sure to seek a doctor or a professional’s advice before proceeding with the home treatment plan.

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The common cold is transmitted from person to person, usually by touching a person who has a cold, or touching something that that person has touched (like a door) — and then touching your mouth or eye. Colds can occur at any time of year, but are more common during the winter months. The average child has 6 colds a year, although children in daycare or

preschool can have them more frequently.


Typically symptoms of a cold are runny nose, sneezing, mild sore throat, cough and a slight fever. Most colds last between one and two weeks, and progress from watery runny nose and possibly a mild sore throat to thicker mucus and congestion with cough.


The most important thing about colds is PREVENTION. Wash your hands after being outside of your home, and tell your children to do the same. Making sure that children get enough sleep and eat well also helps to prevent colds. For young babies (less than 2 months) try to avoid contact with people who have colds, and try to avoid crowds and gatherings where someone almost certainly has a cold.


There is no “cure” for a cold. Our bodies fight off the cold without any need for medicines, and we cannot make them go away any faster with medicines. Antibiotics (like Amoxicillin) do not help colds. The only thing we can do for children is to make them as comfortable as possible and wait for the symptoms to go away.


Although many people use medicines to make their children feel better when they have a cold, there are several things that you can do for your child AT HOME that may be better than giving medicine:

1) Have your child drink lots of fluids. Many children lost their appetite with a cold, and may drink less as well. By encouraging them to drink more, you will help make the mucus thinner, and make them more comfortable.

2) Use saline drops and a bulb syringe, or a saline nose spray to remove the mucus. See the instruction sheet available in the pharmacy for how to prepare the saline and use the bulb syringe.

3) Humidifier. If you have one, then a humidifier may help to keep the nose, mouth and throat moist, making your child more comfortable.

4) Use some Vaseline (petroleum jelly) around your child’s nose to help prevent it becoming sore.

5) Try and have your child get extra rest. It is not necessary to restrict their activities or keep them home from school or daycare, but slowing them down a little may help them to feel better.

6) Remember that fever is not all bad. Fever may help to fight the cold.


  • · Your child has any difficulty breathing or is breathing fast.
  • · Your child develops a fever that lasts for more than 3 days.
  • · Your child has nasal discharge lasting greater than 14 days
  • · Your child develops an earache.
  • · Your child has chills or rigors.
  • · Your child has eye discharge.
  • · Your child’s cough becomes worse, or barky.
  • · Your child’s cough persists for more than 2 weeks.
  • · Your child develops a headache or stiff neck.
  • · Your child develops a sore throat that lasts for more than 48 hours.
  • · Your child is less than 2 months old and has any temperature elevation.
  • · Your child is less than 2 years old and is not drinking fluids.
  • · Your child seems more sick than with a regular cold, or you are worried.

Source: Ethnomed